I speak with start-ups and business owners who are trying to raise capital for their businesses several times a week. Some are my age or close to it; others are very much younger. Most know their own business well, but few understand the ins and outs of raising capital which is why they call me in the first place.
If I take on the task of helping a start-up raise funds I can usually get them the funds they need. That is not an idle boast. I will not even attempt to help a company solicit investors if I do not think that the company is a good investment.
That is unfortunately the case with the vast majority of the companies with which I speak. I will review any pitch deck and offer comments and suggestions for free. I will spend an hour of my time on the phone with any entrepreneur, no charge. Most simply do not measure up.
What I want to hear is that you have a business. I want you to tell me that you have a product; that you know what it will cost to source your product and that you have actual customers who have bought or at least used the product and have reacted favorably to it. If you are not yet at that stage, at the very least I want to know that you are close.
The difference between raising funds for a product that has been developed and raising funds to develop a product is huge. The number of investors who will take a chance on the latter is much smaller. It can still be done but it might take a little more time and money to reach them.
The two things that I do not want to hear is that your product will “disrupt” the market or that your company is destined to have a billion dollar plus valuation. Neither is likely to come true. I would rather hear that you have a good marketing and sales plan in place and have hired good, experienced people to execute it.
Please do not ask me to sign a non-disclosure agreement (NDA) before we speak. In the first place, I am an attorney at law, so everything that you say to me is confidential if you want it to be. In the second place, if your product or process is so novel, valuable and proprietary then get it patented.
Please do not send me a pitch deck that has no resemblance to a business plan. If your pitch is all flash and no substance it is not going to work. Investors want to see what you are going to do with their money and how and when your company will become profitable.
Please do not tell me that you have read all the books about funding a start-up and have attended several conferences featuring the best start-up “gurus”. If you had read all the books that actually count, you would probably have an MBA in Finance.
Sometimes I can help a small company up its game by suggesting that it add some additional directors, patent its product, refine its business plan or change the terms or structure of its offering. But more often than not, I find myself turning away business.
What I really want to hear most in that first phone call with any entrepreneur is that he/she can close the sale. If you are going to deal with investors, you are going to have to do more than tell them about the great company that you are building. You are going to have to ask them for a check. To get it, you need to tell investors how they are likely to profit from the investment in your company and why you can make it happen.
I am not a philanthropist. I charge for my services albeit less than I used to charge when I was paying rent for an office in a financial district high rise. I will not work for stock in your business and you cannot pay me later after we raise money for you.
It takes money to raise money. If you raised seed capital from friends and family to develop your product and did not raise enough to take you to the next level of fundraising at the same time, let me say this judiciously, you blew it.
I generally tell people to budget between $35-$50,000 if you need to raise between $5-$15,000,000. So far none of my clients have gone over budget and most have spent less, but running out of money would be aggravating to all concerned.
A lot of people ask me to introduce them to VCs. I know a few VCs on both coasts and a few in between. Most are serious investors meaning that they want to invest in companies that will succeed and produce a good return on their investment. This is true of all investors, not just VCs.
For most start-ups seeking venture capital is a waste of time. VCs actually fund very few businesses every year and each has its own funding requirements. The process is time consuming (even companies that get funded can be at it a year or more) and often political (like a lot of things in life it is often who you know that is important).
For most start-ups and small companies, equity crowdfunding would be the preferred way to raise funds. It can be quick (90-120 days) and inexpensive ($35-$50,000). I work with several equity crowdfunding platforms and several different marketing companies. If you start with the idea that you are just going to slap an offering together as inexpensively as possible, put it up on a crowdfunding platform that has dozens of competing offerings and send out an e-mail or two to prospective investors, you are more likely than not going to fail.
I know a lot of people in the crowdfunding industry and I think that I know the best of the best. I can usually direct a client to an appropriate crowdfunding platform and a marketing firm that will get the job done. I use different firms for different offerings of companies in different industries and at different stages of their corporate development.
Funding is always a team effort. That is why I like to pick the team. I try to use the best people for each job. Some charge more than others but like everything else in life, you get what you pay for.
To save time here are three types of offerings that I do not do.
1) Anything to do with cannabis. It is not that I am a wimp on the subject of marijuana. I was in college in the 1960s. It is just that I can read the handwriting on the wall. Cannabis is illegal in all 50 states, no matter what the state legislature may have enacted. The current US Attorney General, Jeff Sessions, seems to be getting ready to start enforcing federal law and closing down the retail stores and medical dispensaries. He recently loosened the rules on asset forfeiture, meaning that nice warehouse where some company is growing cannabis might be seized and sold without a trial. If I was an investor who helped to fund the purchase of that building I would sue the principals for using my money to participate in an illegal enterprise.
2) Any Reg. A+ offering. Reg. A+ requires the registration of shares with the SEC so that they can be sold to smaller investors. There is more than enough money in the Reg. D private placement market to fund your business. A Reg. A+ offering will likely cost you $150,000 or more to raise the same amount of money. That does not scream “look how smart I am” to any investor.
3) Any ICO. Recently I have been asked by more than one company to do an Initial Coin Offering (ICO). These are offerings denominated in crypto-currencies. Several have raised significant amounts of money. The SEC has declared that depending on how these offerings are structured they may be securities. Most of the lawyers with whom I spoke would err on the side of caution if they were asked to prepare an ICO. I got quotes in the range of $150,000- $250,000 just for legal fees. Again why spend that much more than you need to spend to fund your business. And if you need a gimmick like an ICO to fund raise funds, what does that say about your business?
By refusing to fund businesses selling cannabis, any Reg. A+ or any ICO, I am leaving a lot of money on the table because these offerings, especially the latter two, pay well. I have the expertise but I also have a reputation. I will not advise a client to use Reg. A+ or an ICO when a Reg. D offering will work just as well and cost them much less.
Good businesses get funded. While 90% of start-ups fail, the key is to convince investors that you are among the 10% that will not. If you are unsure, you are welcome to try to convince me first.